Just as mother nature intended, full spectrum oil comes with all the cannabinoids naturally occurring within the cannabis plant. Depending on the strain of the plant, often high in CBD it contains a variety of other cannabinoids such as CBDA, CBDV, CBDVA, CBG, CBN, CBC, Delta-9, Delta-8 (THC).
Original full spectrum plant resin is made in the plant, not in a lab. It is a synergy of cannabinoids, terpenes, and flavonoids within the one and same plant. These are naturally occurring friends, made by trichome cells, in the same plant. A process called biosynthesis, enzymes, catalyzing chemical reactions, produce complex molecules from simple molecules (biological nanomachines using chemical energy, to build superstructures). Not from another production, chemical process, isolates, or mixed together by someone.
CBGA is the firstborn in a biosynthetic reaction that joins together smaller pieces. Then moves on to be naturally “cyclized” via enzymes, to form other cannabinoids like THCA, CBDA, and CBCA (synthase). CBG a 5-HT1A receptor is being researched for potential effects in disease conditions.
After harvesting, the decarboxylation process (heating the plant material or resin) helps break off the “A” (acid) structure. Transforming CBDA to CBD, THCA to THC, CBGA to CBG etc.
Terpene is an important part of the plant with multiple benefits from treating pain to relieving anxiety. Common terpenes are; myrcene, pinene, limonene, beta-caryophyllene.
Flavonoids, phytonutrients, contribute aroma and flavor, can offer therapeutic effects (Quercetin being famous during virus outbreaks).
All of the Cannabinoids have a function and can benefit you in different ways. They work extra well together with other “friends” from the plant, cooperation known as the “entourage effect”. The small amount of THC present in some legal EU strains, 0.1-0,2% is said to multiply the effectiveness of the oil without causing any “high”.
Image; The three types of glandular trichomes on female cannabis flowers.
(a) Flowering female ‘Finola’ plant; inset: isolated floral cluster containing numerous calyces bearing densely populated glandular trichomes. (b) Dissecting microscope image of the calyx and styles of an individual female flower. (c) Image of the calyx of an individual female flower using conventional SEM; scale bar 500 μm. (d–f) Cryo‐SEM images of the three types of cannabis glandular trichomes, classified as stalked (d), sessile (e), and bulbous (f); scale bars 20 μm. ref the plant journal Cannabis glandular trichomes alter morphology and metabolite content during flower maturation